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Multivitamin Optimum - uncoated

60,00

This is the uncoated version.

The OPTIMUM Multivitamin is an expertly designed multi with a broad spectrum of essential vitamins, minerals, trace elements and special nutrients such as coenzymes, flavonoids, carotenoids and plants. In its composition, the choice was made for optimally absorbable substances and biologically active compound forms, in the right proportions and in doses that are physiologically relevant. Free Choice Multivitamin OPTIMUM has an excellent foundation, is progressive in many respects and will score above average when compared with other multivitamins.

Number: 240 tablets
Net weight: 376 grams

  • Vegan
  • Made in Germany
  • Non GMO

1645 in stock

FreeChoice - Multivitamin Complete - 120 tablets

Usage:

Use 1 tablet, or more tablets as required, as a dietary supplement. Because we have chosen to keep our tablets as natural as possible, the tablet is a bit rougher than you are used to. The tablets are designed to be easy to break and grind if necessary. Use water or yoghurt to take the tablets.

Ingredients

Calcium L ascorbate, DL-alpha tocopheryl acetate, calcium carbonate, potassium citrate, binding agent (cellulose), thiamine mononitrate, magnesium oxide, citrus bioavonoids, coral calcium choline bitartrate (VitaCholine®), anti-caking agents (magnesium salt of stearic acid, silicon dioxide), sodium triboavine-5'-phosphate, pyridoxal-5'-phosphate, calcium D-pantothenate, nicotinamide, inositol, PABA (para-amino benzoic acid), beta-carotene, African Marigold (Tagetes) extract, iron fumarate, rutin, zinc citrate, rose hip (Rosa canina), manganese sulphate, copper gluconate, selenium-enriched yeast, Acerola (Malpighia emarginata), ubiquinone, pteroylmonoglutamic acid, sodium molybdate, chromium picolinate, potassium iodide, vegetable cholecalciferol (Vitashine®), methylcobalamin, D-biotin, menaquinone-7 (K2VITAL®).

Warnings

  • Keep out of reach of young children.
  • Store in a cool, dry and closed place.
  • Protect from heat, light and moisture.
  • Do not exceed the recommended daily dose.
  • This product is a dietary supplement.
  • A dietary supplement should not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and/or a healthy lifestyle.
  • This product is not suitable for children up to the age of 17.
  • If you are taking coumarin derivatives (anticoagulants such as warfarin), consult an expert before taking a vitamin K2 supplement.

B vitamins in optimal form and dosage

Multivitamin OPTIMUM contains an ample and responsible amount of B vitamins. We have taken a close look at the daily requirements of the general population and what the average intake and processing is. In particular, we took into account the extent to which the body is able to convert and process the various B vitamins into active compounds. Multivitamin OPTIMUM therefore contains many of the biologically active (co-enzymatic) forms. For example, vitamin B2 (riboflavin-5'-phosphate), B6 (pyridoxal-5'-phosphate) and B12 (methylcobalamin). These are the vitamin forms as they are ultimately used by the body, which is supported by research showing that these forms have a higher bioavailability in the body than the non-biologically active forms.

However, the other vitamins, minerals, coenzymes, polyphenols, flavonoids, carotenoids and phytochemicals are also involved in many processes, especially those related to the following scientifically proven health claims:

  • Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, biotin, vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, iron, iodine, copper and manganese support the energy level
  • Vitamins B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, folate, vitamin C, magnesium and iron can help with fatigue
  • Vitamin A, B6, B12, folate, vitamin C, D, iron, copper, selenium and zinc have a positive effect on the immune system
  • Vitamins B2, C, E, copper, manganese, selenium and zinc protect cells from oxidative damage
  • Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, biotin, vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, iodine, potassium and copper support the nervous system
  • Iron, iodine and zinc contribute to normal cognitive function
  • Vitamins B1, B3, B6, B12, biotin, folate, vitamin C and magnesium support mental functions (such as concentration and memory) and the state of mind
  • Vitamin B5 and folate contribute to resistance to stress
  • Vitamin A, B2 and zinc are good for eyesight
  • Vitamin C, D, K, calcium, manganese and zinc are good for bones
  • Vitamin K contributes to the absorption of calcium in the bones
  • Vitamin K is needed for the normal course of blood coagulation
  • Vitamin C, D and calcium are good for the condition of the teeth
  • Biotin, selenium and zinc are good for the condition of the hair
  • Copper contributes to normal pigmentation of the skin and hair
  • Vitamin A, B2, B3, C, biotin, iodine and zinc are good for the skin condition
  • Selenium and zinc are good for the condition of the nails
  • Iodine and selenium support normal thyroid function
  • Vitamin D, calcium, potassium and magnesium support muscle function
  • Vitamin B1 contributes to the normal functioning of the heart
  • Calcium and magnesium play a role in the creation of cells and tissues
  • Calcium supports the maintenance of a healthy digestive system
  • Magnesium helps to build up proteins in the body
  • Magnesium contributes to a good electrolyte balance
  • Choline contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism
  • Choline contributes to the maintenance of the structure of cell membranes and normal lipid metabolism

NB: Free Choice cannot provide (full) information on the uses of this supplement here. In accordance with the law, we keep this information separate from the promotion of our products. If you have any questions, please call us during office hours on 020 7604812.

Product information:

IngredientsPertablet%ADH
Beta-carotene2,3mg**
Pro Vitamin A189,4µg24
Vitamin D3 (vegetable)13,7µg275
Vitamin E67.5 α-TEmg563
Vitamin C187,5mg235
Vitamin B175mg6818
Vitamin B212,5mg893
Niacin (B3)12,5mg78
Pantothenic acid (B5)12,5mg208
Vitamin B612,5mg893
Biotin (H)12,5µg25
Choline12,5mg**
Inositol12,5mg**
PABA12,5mg**
Folic acid (B9)100µg50
Vitamin B1212,5µg501
Vitamin K29,4µg13
Citrus bioflavonoids22,5mg**
Rose hip powder3,2mg**
Acerola extract1,3mg**
Rutine6,2mg**
Lutein0,4mg**
Coenzyme Q100,8mg**
Calcium102mg13
Magnesium31,3mg8
Iron2,3mg16
Zinc1,9mg19
Manganese0,5mg26
Copper0,2mg23
Iodine28,1µg19
Chrome6,2µg16
Molybdenum3,2µg6
Selenium3,2µg6
Coral calcium37,5mg**
Potassium37,5mg2

*Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
** = No RDA determined

 

Ingredient list

  1. Calcium L-ascorbate
  2. DL-alpha-tocopheryl acetate
  3. Calcium carbonate
  4. Potassium citrate
  5. Thiamine mononitrate
  6. Magnesium oxide
  7. Citrus bioflavanoids
  8. Coral calcium
  9. Choline Bitartrate (VitaCholine®)
  10. Sodium triboavine5'-phosphate
  11. Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate
  12. Calcium D-pantothenate
  13. Nicotinamide
  14. Inositol
  15. PABA (para-amino benzoic acid)
  16. Beta-carotene
  17. African Marigold (Tagetes) extract
  18. Iron fumarate
  19. Rutine
  20. Zinc citrate
  21. Rose hip (Rosa canina)
  22. Manganese sulphate
  23. Copper gluconate,
  24. Selenium-enriched yeast
  25. Acerola (Malpighia emarginata)
  26. Ubiquinon
  27. Pteroylmonoglutamic acid
  28. Sodium molybdate
  29. Chromium Picolinate
  30. Potassium iodide
  31. Vegetable cholecalciferol (Vitashine®)
  32. Methylcobalamin
  33. D-biotin
  34. Menaquinone-7 (K2VITAL®).
    •  

Multi-ingredients in the SPOTLIGHTS:

Vitamin B6 as pyridoxal-5′-phosphate

For Multivitamin OPTIMUM we specifically chose pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (P-5'-P), the biologically active form of vitamin B6, and not, for example, the frequently used pyridoxine-HCL, a form of B6 that still has to be converted in the body. Vitamin B6 in the biologically active form of pyridoxal-5'-phosphate is involved as a co-factor in more than 140 enzyme reactions in the body and therefore has a broad spectrum of physiological effects. Multivitamin OPTIMUM therefore contains pyridoxal-5'-phosphate in an ample quantity as the pure and easily absorbable active form.

Vitamin B12 as methylcobalamin

The absorption of vitamin B12 from food and diet is a complex and sensitive process. Because of the safety of vitamin B12 supplementation and the often difficult absorption of B12 from food and supplements, Multivitamin OPTIMUM contains no less than 12.5 mcg vitamin B12 (500% RDA) per tablet in the biologically active form methylcobalamin. Many B12 products and multivitamins contain the cheaper, synthetic form of vitamin B12, cyanocobalamin. This form does not occur as such in nature and must first be converted by the body to the active forms. The cyanide part is separated from the cobalamin by enzymes and then eliminated by the body. Studies show that vitamin B12 in the form of the active methylcobalamin has a higher bioavailability than, for example, cyanocobalamin.

Vitamin D3 from a vegetable source (Vitashine®)

International authorities have recently determined that the intake of vitamin D from food should be higher (15 mcg) and that the maximum permitted dosage should be increased (100 mcg). The importance of higher doses has long been known to us and in the professional world. Our vitamin D experts recommend that the vitamin D level in adults should be at least 75 nmol/l. To obtain this level of vitamin D, it is necessary to take a number of doses. To maintain such a vitamin D level, an oral dose of vitamin D3 of around 25-75 mcg per day is needed.  Multivitamin OPTIMUM contains ample amounts of vitamin D3 (13.7 mcg per tablet) to meet this requirement. Moreover, our Multivitamin OPTIMUM uses vegetable-based vitamin D3 (Vitashine®). This is because it is produced from lichen, and not from animal sheep's wool fat (like the vast majority of vitamin D3 products). This makes all Multivitamin OPTIMUM also suitable for vegetarians and vegans.

Stability of vitamin K2 (K2VITAL®)

Vitamin K2 appears to be a very sensitive substance. Particularly in combination with calcium and/or magnesium, the activity of this vitamin in a tablet or capsule can decrease rapidly. Using vitamin K2 in a product with calcium and/or magnesium is certainly technically challenging. That is why Free Choice uses a high-quality K2 ingredient with the brand name K2Vital Delta, which is even 100% stable in a formula with a lot of calcium and/or magnesium.

Coral calcium spores

Coral Calcium Multivitamin OPTIMUM provides an ideal, high-quality supplement with trace elements that we need in very small quantities for our health. After all, the high bioavailability of naturally occurring minerals and trace elements in coral is a perfect source to nourish our bodies. The nutrients in the coral calcium used in Multivitamin OPTIMUM are very well assimilated by the intestine and absorbed by the body.

Choline based on 100% natural tartaric acid (VitaCholine®)

Choline has been included in multivitamins as standard for a long time. However, more and more is now known about choline! In 2012, the European Commission approved three important health claims for choline. It has been proven that choline is important for normal lipid and homocysteine metabolism, but also important for normal liver function (detox). In 2016, EFSA also ruled that choline is an essential, indispensable nutrient. Reason enough to include an effective amount of choline in our daily Multivitamin. In Multivitamin OPTIMUM the best quality choline is processed, from the brand VitaCholine®, a form of choline based on 100% natural tartaric acid. This brand stands for superior quality and a great deal of research has gone into it.

Beta-carotene

In addition to lutein, our Multivitamin OPTIMUM also contains beta-carotene, a nutrient belonging to the bioactive group of substances called carotenoids. Carotenoids are important colouring agents in nature that are responsible for the orange, red and yellow colour of fruit and vegetables. There are many carotenoids and they all have unique properties that are useful for the body. Beta-carotene is also called provitamin A. Beta-carotene has an important modulating function when it comes to vitamin A. Our bodies can convert beta-carotene to vitamin A as needed and will never convert more beta-carotene to vitamin A than it needs. This means that no inconveniences can arise from an overdose of vitamin A, because the absorption in the gut, and conversion of beta-carotene to vitamin A, is automatically slowed down when the body does not need vitamin A. This makes beta-carotene a safe alternative to standard vitamin A.

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a substance found in the body and in the mitochondria (the so-called "energy factories") of every cell in our body. Freely translated, "ubiquinone" means approximately "present everywhere". However, with age, the body's own production of coenzyme Q10 gradually declines. A compensating dose of coenzyme Q10 has therefore been added to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

Polyphenols

Polyphenols are a group of antioxidant-like substances that you normally get from food. Foods with the highest polyphenol content are mainly turmeric, red wine grapes, green tea, broccoli and various citrus fruits. Bioflavonoids are polyphenols found mainly in citrus fruits. Relevant here is that there may be a link between the presence of bioflavonoids in the diet and bioflavonoids enhancing the effect of vitamin C.  Various scientific findings show that bioflavonoids reduce any vitamin C breakdown in the body. The body is therefore better able to absorb vitamin C. Finally, in addition to Citrus bioflavonoids, rutin is also a bioflavonoid that has been widely researched by scientists and to which great value is attached in therapeutic use.

Vitamin B2 as riboflavin 5′-phosphate

OPTIMUM Multivitamin contains vitamin B2 in the biologically active form into which standard riboflavin is converted in the body, namely riboflavin-5'-phosphate. In this native form, it plays a role as a coenzyme in many metabolic processes. Riboflavin-5'-phosphate belongs to a group of natural pigments (flavins). When excreted, riboflavin gives urine its characteristic bright yellow colour. To support good health, Multivitamin OPTIMUM contains a generous dose of vitamin B2 in pure, biologically active form.

Inositol

Inositol is a vitamin-like compound found in the tissues of our bodies and in certain food sources. Although the substance sometimes has a
Although it is called a B vitamin, it is not technically one, especially as our cells are also capable of synthesising it. However, inositol works closely together with several essential B vitamins (pyridoxine - B6, folic acid - B9) and pantothenic acid - B5). Because Inositol performs important functions in the human body that are important for the cooperation with B vitamins, we have added a balanced dose of Inositol to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

PABA

PABA, which is short for Para-Amino-Benzoic Acid, is also not a formal B vitamin, but is also closely related to the B vitamin complex. PABA is water-soluble and is considered unique in its kind because it is 'a vitamin within a vitamin', commonly found in combination with folic acid. PABA is naturally present in cereal and wheat products, bran, brown rice, brewer's yeast and molasses, but can also be partially synthesised by the body. Because PABA fulfils several functions in the human body and is especially important for the cooperation between folate and other nutrients, we have added a balanced dose of PABA to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

Rosehip

The rose hip is the fleshy fruit of a rose. The shape and colour of the fruit can vary and depends on the origin of the rose. The rose is found as a variety in Europe, Asia, South America and North America. The botanical name for the rosehip bush is Rosa Canina, which means "Rose of the Dog" or "Dog rose". Rosehip is known for being a good source of Vitamin C, the essential vitamin that contributes to the body's resistance to external influences, to its own formation of collagen. This substance is good for the immune system and for maintaining healthy psychological function. Because Rosehip is a source of a broad spectrum of vitamins and minerals, and is especially important for the supplementation of small amounts of trace elements, we have added a balanced dose of Rosehip to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

Lutein

Lutein is a carotenoid found in plants, among other things. Carotenoids are a large group of plant substances that are often added to food because of their special properties. 

Lutein is found in various types of foodstuffs and is mainly found in green vegetables such as kale, broccoli, spinach, green beans and Brussels sprouts. Lutein is also found in maize and yellow peppers, as well as in mango, papaya and orange. Eggs also contain lutein, which gives yolks their yellow colour.

In addition to food, lutein can also be ingested with the help of dietary supplements. These supplements are often recommended because lutein is also found together with zeaxanthin in the yellow spot (macula) in the eye. This yellow spot is located on the retina and ensures sharp vision. The lutein in supplements is usually extracted from the yellow leaves of the marigold flower. By taking Multivitamin OPTIMUM, you get enough lutein to experience the benefits of this substance. 

Acerola extract

Acerola is a berry found mainly in Brazil. Because the berries look like cherries, acerola is also called the acerola cherry, West Indian cherry or Barbados cherry. Every kind of fruit contains vitamins, but acerola is really of a different order, full of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients such as polyphenols.

Acerola is best known for its high content of vitamin C or ascorbic acid. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that, among other things, supports your resistance and fights free radicals. Vitamin C also supports the connective tissue in your skin. Because this vitamin also supports your resistance, many people take extra vitamin C during the flu season.

Acerola fruit is also known for its polyphenols, nutrients that are also among the antioxidants. Like many other substances with an antioxidant effect, polyphenols counteract free radicals. They protect your body cells, so to speak. Because acerola is a source of several vitamins and minerals, but is especially important for the supplementation of small amounts of polyphenols, we have added a sufficient dose of acerola to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

Beta-carotene

Function

  • Vitamin A contributes to the normal metabolism of iron
  • Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes
  • Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal skin
  • Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal vision
  • Vitamin A contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
  • Vitamin A plays a role in the cell specialisation process

Source:

  • Carrots
  • Kale
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach

Vitamin A

Function

  • Vitamin A contributes to the normal metabolism of iron
  • Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes
  • Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal skin
  • Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal vision
  • Vitamin A contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
  • Vitamin A plays a role in the cell specialisation process

Source:

  • Liver
  • Fish
  • Dairy
  • Egg

Vitamin D3

Function

  • contributes to the proper absorption of calcium from the diet
  • promotes normal calcium levels in the blood
  • is important for the composition of bones
  • is important for normal muscle function
  • is important for building strong teeth
  • contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
  • plays a role in the cell division process

Source:

  • Produced by the skin when it is exposed to sunlight.
  • Oily fish such as eel, salmon and mackerel
  • Egg

Vitamin E

Function

  • Vitamin E contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress

    Source:

    • Sunflower oil
    • Nuts
    • Egg
    • Halvarine
    • Peanut butter

      Vitamin C

      Functions

      • Contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
      • Contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of blood vessels
      • Plays a role in bone formation
      • Plays a role in the production/building of cartilage
      • Is for maintaining strong teeth
      • Contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of skin
      • Helps release/unleash energy from fat, carbohydrates and protein
      • Supports the normal functioning of the nervous system
      • Contributes to the functioning of memory
      • Contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative damage
      • Helps to reduce fatigue and tiredness
      • Acts as an antioxidant to vitamin E and restores it to an active/working form
      • Increases iron absorption

      Natural sources:

      • Fruits such as: kiwi, acerola, oranges, strawberries
      • Kale, Brussels sprouts, red pepper

      Vitamin B1

      Function

      • Thiamine contributes to normal energy-generating metabolism
      • Thiamine contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
      • Thiamine contributes to normal psychological function
      • Thiamine contributes to the normal functioning of the heart

      Source:

      • Pork
      • Wholemeal bread
      • Unpolished rice
      • Milk
      • Potatoes

      Vitamin B2

      Function

      • Riboflavin contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism
      • Riboflavin contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
      • Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes
      • Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of normal red blood cells
      • Riboflavin contributes to the maintenance of normal skin
      • Riboflavin contributes to maintaining normal vision
      • Riboflavin contributes to the normal metabolism of iron
      • Riboflavin contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress
      • Riboflavin contributes to the reduction of fatigue and tiredness

        Source:

        • Milk
        • Egg
        • Broccoli
        • Liver pate
        • Nuts

        Vitamin B3

        Function

        • Niacin contributes to normal energy-generating metabolism
        • Niacin contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
        • Niacin contributes to normal psychological function
        • Niacin contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes
        • Niacin contributes to the maintenance of normal skin
        • Niacin contributes to the reduction of fatigue and tiredness

          Source:

          • Nuts
          • Cod
          • Peanut butter
          • Minced meat
          • Wholemeal bread

          Pantothenic acid (B5)

          Function

          • Pantothenic acid contributes to normal energy-generating metabolism
          • Pantothenic acid contributes to normal mental performance
          • Pantothenic acid contributes to normal synthesis and metabolism of steroid hormones, vitamin D and some neurotransmitters
          • Pantothenic acid contributes to the reduction of fatigue and tiredness

            Source:

            • Egg
            • Milk
            • Beef
            • Herring
            • Potatoes

            Vitamin B6

            Function

            • Vitamin B6 contributes to normal cysteine synthesis
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to normal energy-generating metabolism
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to normal metabolism of homocysteine
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to normal protein and glycogen metabolism
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to normal psychological function
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to the normal formation of red blood cells
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to the reduction of fatigue and tiredness
            • Vitamin B6 contributes to the regulation of hormonal activity

            Source:

            • Banana
            • Pork
            • Potatoes
            • Nuts
            • Wholemeal bread

            Biotin (H)

            Function

            • Biotin contributes to normal energy-generating metabolism
            • Biotin contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
            • Biotin contributes to normal metabolism of macronutrients
            • Biotin contributes to normal psychological function
            • Biotin contributes to the maintenance of normal hair
            • Biotin contributes to the maintenance of normal mucous membranes
            • Biotin contributes to the maintenance of normal skin

            Source:

            • Nuts
            • Soybeans
            • Egg
            • Milk

            Choline

            Function

            • Choline contributes to normal metabolism of homocysteine
            • Choline contributes to the normal metabolism of fat
            • Choline contributes to the maintenance of normal liver function

            Source:

            • Egg
            • Organ meat
            • Soybeans

            Inositol

            Inositol

            Description

            Inositol is a vitamin-like compound found in the tissues of our body and in certain food sources. Although it is sometimes called a B vitamin, it is not technically one, especially since our cells are capable of producing it. However, inositol works closely with several essential B vitamins (pyridoxine - B6, folic acid - B9) and pantothenic acid - B5). Because Inositol performs important functions in the human body that are important for the cooperation with B vitamins, we have added a balanced dose of Inositol to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

            Source:

            • beans
            • fruit
            • nuts
            • cereals

            PABA

            Paba

            Function

            PABA, which is short for Para-Amino-Benzoic Acid, is also not a formal B vitamin, but is also closely related to the B vitamin complex. PABA is water-soluble and is considered unique in its kind because it is 'a vitamin within a vitamin', commonly found in combination with folic acid. 

            Source:

            • Grain and wheat products
            • bran
            • brown rice
            • brewer's yeast
            • and molasses
            • may also be partly are produced by the body itself.

            Folic acid (B9)

            Paba

            Function

            • Folate contributes to maternal tissue growth during pregnancy
            • Folate contributes to normal amino acid synthesis
            • Folate contributes to normal blood formation
            • Folate contributes to normal metabolism of homocysteine
            • Folate contributes to normal psychological function
            • Folate contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
            • Folate contributes to the reduction of fatigue and tiredness
            • Folate plays a role in the cell division process

            Source:

            • Spinach
            • Brussels sprouts
            • Broccoli
            • Egg
            • Wholemeal bread

            Vitamin B12

            Paba

            Function

            • Vitamin B12 contributes to normal energy-generating metabolism
            • Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
            • Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal metabolism of homocysteine
            • Vitamin B12 contributes to normal psychological function
            • Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal formation of red blood cells
            • Vitamin B12 contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
            • Vitamin B12 contributes to the reduction of fatigue and tiredness
            • Vitamin B12 plays a role in the cell division process

            Source:

            • Cod
            • Minced meat
            • Quark
            • Egg
            • Cheese

            Vitamin K2

            Paba

            Function

            • helps normal blood clotting
            • plays a role in bone formation

            Remark:

            The action of drugs in the group of coumarin derivatives is based on blocking the action of vitamin K. Vitamin K in food or nutritional supplements therefore inhibits the effectiveness of these drugs.

             

            Source:

            • Production by intestinal bacteria, but this production can be greatly reduced by antibiotic use.
            • Nutrition: Green leafy vegetables, yoghurt, egg yolk, kelp.

            Citrus bioflavonoids

            Paba

            Function

            Bioflavonoids are polyphenols found mainly in citrus fruits. Relevant here is that there may be a link between the presence of bioflavonoid in the food and bioflavonoid its reinforcing effect on the action of vitamin C.  Various scientific findings show that bioflavonoids reduce any vitamin C breakdown in the body. The body is therefore better able to absorb vitamin C. Finally, in addition to citrus bioflavonoids, rutin is also a bioflavonoid which has been widely researched by scientists and to which great value is attached in therapeutic use.

            Source:

            • Fruit
            • Cocoa
            • Tea
            • Wine

            Rose hip powder

            Rose hip powder

            Description

            The rose hip is the fleshy fruit of a rose. The shape and colour of the fruit can vary depending on the origin of the rose. The rose is found as a variety in Europe, Asia, South America and North America. The botanical name for the rosehip bush is Rosa Canina, which means "Rose of the Dog" or "Dog rose". Rosehip is known for being a good source of Vitamin C, the essential vitamin that contributes to the body's resistance to external influences, to its own formation of collagen, which is good for the immune system and supports the maintenance of healthy psychological function. Because Rosehip is a source of a broad spectrum of vitamins and minerals, and is especially important for the supplementation of small amounts of trace elements, we have added a balanced dose of Rosehip to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

            Source:

            • Rose hips

            Acerola extract

            Rose hip powder

            Description

            Acerola is a berry found mainly in Brazil. Because the berries look like cherries, acerola is also called the acerola cherry, West Indian cherry or Barbados cherry. Every kind of fruit contains vitamins, but acerola is really a fruit of a different kind, full of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients such as polyphenols. Acerola is best known for its enormous content of vitamin C or ascorbic acid. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that, among other things, supports your resistance and fights free radicals. Vitamin C also supports the connective tissue in your skin. Because the vitamin also supports your resistance, many people take extra vitamin C during the flu season. Acerola fruit is also known for its polyphenols, nutrients that also fall under the category of antioxidants. Like many other substances with an antioxidant effect, polyphenols counteract free radicals. They protect your body cells, so to speak. Because acerola is a source of several vitamins and minerals, but is especially important for the supplementation of small amounts of polyphenols, we have added a sufficient dose of acerola to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

            Source:

            • Acerola

            Rutine

            Rose hip powder

            Function

            Rutine is a bioflavonoid that has been widely researched by scientists and is of great value for therapeutic use. 

            Source:

            • Buckwheat
            • Rhubarb
            • Apples
            • Onions
            • Tea
            • Asparagus

            Lutein

            Rose hip powder

            Description

            Lutein is a carotenoid found in plants, among other things. Carotenoids are a large group of plant substances that are often added to food because of their special properties. 

            Lutein is found in various types of foodstuffs and is mainly found in green vegetables such as kale, broccoli, spinach, green beans and Brussels sprouts. Lutein is also found in maize and yellow peppers, as well as in mango, papaya and orange. Eggs also contain lutein, which gives yolks their yellow colour. In addition to food, lutein can also be ingested with the help of dietary supplements. These supplements are often recommended because lutein is also found together with zeaxanthin in the yellow spot (macula) in the eye. This yellow spot is located on the retina and ensures sharp vision. The lutein in supplements is usually extracted from the yellow leaves of the marigold flower. By taking Multivitamin OPTIMUM, you get enough lutein to experience the benefits of this substance. 

            Source:

            • Egg
            • Spinach
            • Endive
            • Kale
            • Broccoli

            Coenzyme Q10

            Rose hip powder

            Function

            Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a substance found in the body and in the mitochondria (the so-called "energy factories") of every cell in our body. Freely translated, "ubiquinone" means approximately "present everywhere". However, with age, the body's own production of coenzyme Q10 gradually declines. A compensating dose of coenzyme Q10 has therefore been added to Multivitamin OPTIMUM.

            Source:

            • Made normally by the human body
            • Oily fish
            • Liver
            • Full grans

            Calcium

            Paba

            Function

            • contributes to the proper functioning of the blood clotting process
            • promotes energy metabolism
            • helps the normal functioning of muscles
            • contributes to normal neurotransmission
            • plays a role in digestion
            • plays a role in the process of cell division and differentiation
            • plays a role in bone formation
            • is important for maintaining strong teeth

            Source:

            • Green leafy vegetables
            • Cruciferous vegetables
            • Fruit
            • Nuts and seeds
            • Beans and lentils

            Magnesium

            Paba

            Function

            • has a beneficial effect on the reduction of fatigue and tiredness
            • helps maintain a good electrolyte balance
            • helps release energy from food
            • plays an important role in the functioning of nerves
            • is important for normal muscle function
            • contributes to normal protein synthesis
            • contributes to brain and nerve functions involved in learning ability
            • plays a role in bone formation
            • is important for maintaining strong teeth
            • plays a role in (the process of) tissue growth and development

            Source:

            • Green leafy vegetables
            • All types of nuts
            • Raw cocoa
            • Avocado, bananas
            • Pulses 

            Iron

            Paba

            Function

            • Iron contributes to normal cognitive function
            • Iron contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism
            • Iron contributes to the normal formation of red blood cells and haemoglobin
            • Iron contributes to normal oxygen transport in the body
            • Iron contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
            • Iron contributes to the reduction of fatigue and tiredness
            • Iron plays a role in the cell division process

            Source:

            • Spinach
            • Steak
            • Chickpeas
            • Potatoes
            • Cod

            Zinc

            Paba

            Function

            • Zinc contributes to normal DNA synthesis
            • Zinc contributes to normal acid-base metabolism
            • Zinc contributes to normal carbohydrate metabolism
            • Zinc contributes to normal cognitive function
            • Zinc contributes to normal fertility and reproduction
            • Zinc contributes to the normal metabolism of macronutrients
            • Zinc contributes to the normal metabolism of fatty acids
            • Zinc contributes to the normal metabolism of vitamin A
            • Zinc contributes to normal protein synthesis
            • Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal bones
            • Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal hair
            • Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal nails
            • Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal skin
            • Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal testosterone levels in the blood
            • Zinc contributes to the maintenance of normal eyesight
            • Zinc contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
            • Zinc contributes to the protection of cells against oxidative stress
            • Zinc plays a role in the cell division process

            Source:

            • Oysters
            • Sliced ham
            • Semi-skimmed milk
            • Wholemeal bread
            • Orange

            Manganese

            Paba

            Function

            • Manganese contributes to a normal energy-generating metabolism
            • Manganese contributes to the maintenance of normal bones
            • Manganese contributes to the normal formation of connective tissue
            • Manganese contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress

            Source:

            • Cereals
            • Rice
            • Nuts
            • Leafy vegetables
            • Fruit
            • Meat
            • Fish
            • Tea

            Copper

            Paba

            Function

            • Copper contributes to the maintenance of normal connective tissues
            • Copper contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism
            • Copper contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
            • Copper contributes to normal pigmentation of the hair
            • Copper contributes to normal iron transport in the body
            • Copper contributes to normal skin pigmentation
            • Copper contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
            • Copper contributes to the protection of cells against oxidative stress

            Source:

            • Shrimps
            • Chocolate
            • Nuts
            • Green beans
            • Apple

            Iodine

            Iodine

            Function

            • Iodine contributes to normal cognitive function
            • Iodine contributes to a normal energy-generating metabolism
            • Iodine contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
            • Iodine contributes to the maintenance of normal skin
            • Iodine contributes to the normal production of thyroid hormones and to the normal functioning of the thyroid gland

            Source:

            • Seaweed
            • Wholemeal bread
            • Salmon
            • Cornflakes

            Chrome

            Iodine

            Function

            • Chromium contributes to normal metabolism of macronutrients
            • Chromium contributes to the maintenance of normal blood sugar levels

            Source:

            • Cereal products with a high bran content contain a lot of chromium.
            • Furthermore, chromium is mainly found in brewer's yeast, wholemeal bread, vegetables, cane sugar molasses, meat and liver. 
            • Meat, poultry and fish contain between 1 and 2 micrograms of chromium per portion.

            Molybdenum

            Iodine

            Function

            • Molybdenum contributes to normal sulphur amino acid metabolism

            Source:

            • Pulses
            • Cereals
            • Nuts
            • Organ meat
            • Milk
            • Eggs

            Selenium

            Iodine

            Function

            • Selenium contributes to normal spermatogenesis
            • Selenium contributes to the maintenance of normal hair
            • Selenium contributes to the maintenance of normal nails
            • Selenium contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
            • Selenium contributes to the normal functioning of the thyroid gland
            • Selenium contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress

            Source:

            • Mussels
            • Brazil nuts
            • Plaice fillet
            • Boiled egg
            • Wholemeal bread

            Coral calcium

            Iodine

            Function

            • Calcium contributes to normal blood clotting
            • Calcium contributes to a normal energy-generating metabolism
            • Calcium contributes to the normal functioning of muscles
            • Calcium contributes to normal neurotransmission
            • Calcium contributes to the normal functioning of digestive enzymes
            • Calcium plays a role in the process of cell division and specialisation
            • Calcium is necessary for the maintenance of normal bones
            • Calcium is needed for the maintenance of normal teeth

            Source:

            • Coral
             

            Potassium

            Iodine

            Function

            • Potassium is needed for nerve impulse conduction and to maintain normal blood pressure.
            • Potassium is necessary for muscle contraction and for energy management in the muscles.

            Source:

            • Broccoli
            • Potatoes
            • Banana
            • Skimmed Yoghurt
            • Smoked beef
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